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Virginia Mallow (Sida hermaphrodita (L.) Rusby) is a perennial herb and can be found from the Appalachin Mountains to the Mississipi and the Atlantic watershed. Here the plant is able to grow on sandy soils with fairly low nutrient content. The stems have a high concentration of cellulose, resisns and wax. The plant can reach up to 3 m in height. The lifespan is for at least 15-20 years. The dry stems are harvested between January and March before new stems to start to emerge.  The aim of the R & D project is to to development methods for growing Sida on degraded sites and brownfield sites. The procedures should take into account both a recultivation and enhancement of degraded sites and to maximize biomass production. Site-specific solution strategies are developed taking into account various soil parameters and site characteristics and their potential use.

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